This post describes my UFW config and is here so I find it from somewhere and with hope that I am told if someone notices something terriby insecure here and is able to offer suggestions.
Having firewall is important as you aren’t always in your trusted home network and with IPv6 your devices have public IPv6 addresses.
Threat model: service I am not aware of or that I accidentally make listen wider than intended and with UFW I am aware of what ports are allowed. I assume any host is going to move randomly and not whitelisting only from certain addresses as that address can be encountered anywhere.
This post first has list of commands, then explanations.
ufw allow 22/tcp ufw default deny incoming ufw default allow outgoing systemctl enable ufw && systemctl start ufw ufw enable ufw reject 113/tcp ufw allow 631 ufw allow 5353/udp ufw allow from 172.16.0.0/16 to any port 9091 proto tcp ufw allow 60000:61000/udp
- 22 TCP/ssh — Allow acces to SSHd you don’t want to lock yourself out.
- previously I used
ufw limitbut it seems to be too oversensitive, just use SSHGuard.
- previously I used
- Deny incoming connections unless the port has been whitelisted.
- Allow all outgoing connections, keeping list of authorized ports would be too much for me.
- Start ufw on boot and now (I am not sure if this step is required, but better safe than sorry).
- Put the firewall in force.
- 113 TCP/ident — Tell “Connection refused” to whoever tries to reach port
- This makes ident checking IRC servers connect faster as they don’t have to timeout. If you run shell server (for IRC purpouses) you should allow this instead. And if you don’t use IRC or don’t care about having to wait for the check to timeout, don’t do this as you may leave yourself visible to random port scanners.
- 631 both/cups — Allow access to cups for printer sharing.
- 5353 UDP/mdns/Avahi — used for
- 9091 TCP/transmission web interface and also example on how to allow
access to port only from specific addresses, only for devices that
aren’t going anywhere and if IPv6 isn’t cared about. (TODO: How to do
it IPv6? I have faint idea of UFW not supporting it).
- Transmission file transfer uses TCP. Default port: 51413.
- 60000:61000 UDP/mosh — I feel this is the most insecure part of this setup and there should be something bettter instead of this. As something evil could run and listen on these ports.
If some host doesn’t run some of the mentioned service, it’s not open in the firewall.